Adoption in Islam
Is adoption allowed in Islam? What if you have children and want to adopt, what are the rules?
Assalamu Alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh
Thank you for your question.
Adoption is one of the most misunderstood issues in the Muslim community. What Allah has forbidden for us is robbing a child of his/her identity by changing names and hiding the truth. This is called “tabanniy” in the Quran. This process actually has proved counterproductive as when kids become adults and eventually discover their true identities, they tend to be furious that it was hidden from them. Societal issues also result from this such as marrying ones sibling and legal issues as well. Islam only protects against that.
With that being said, taking care of an orphan is of the greatest deeds in Islam. The Prophet (peace be upon) said “I and the one who takes care of an orphan are like these 2 fingers (holding up his index and middle finger).” This is a sunnah that we must revive. It is sad that many Muslim children end up in homes not conducive to their Islamic upbringing because Muslims lag behind in this area.
With that being said, the following conditions must be observed:
1. The child will not be a mahram unless the mother breastfeeds him/her before the age of 2 in which case both parents will be full mahrams. This could be through induced breastmilk and is highly recommended to give the child full comfort in the home.
2. The child must maintain his/her original identity through either the middle or last name. He/she should know that they are adopted but not be treated any differently.
3. Inheritance can only be assigned through the 1/3 portion which is not already designated. The child could even be given more through this process than one’s natural children.
I ask Allah that He enable us to revive this Sunnah in our communities!
And Allah knows best.
Answered by Shaykh Omar Suleiman
Hadith of the Day Imam
Director – Islamic Learning Foundation
Since You’re Here… we have a small favour to ask.
In these extraordinary times, millions rely on HOTD for daily uplifting & inspiring content. Established since 2009 and with your kind support we’ve seen readers elevate their Imaan & strive for better on a daily basis. We’re committed to keeping our content freely available and open for all readers. Every contribution, however big or small, makes a difference and help us spread knowledge to millions daily
HOTD is something special, it’s a place where people can come to be inspired, to renew their faith, to learn and share knowledge, to fall in love with our faith and also our Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him and his family).
All content on HOTD is free. We believe what we do in this life builds for the next one and we work tirelessly with the aim to please Allah and inspire the global Muslim community as
well as providing information and inspiration for anyone interested in Islam. We simply cannot do this without your support and your support helps us continue our services.
If there were ever a time to join us, it is now. You can support HOTD and help sustain our future. Support Hadith of the Day and make a one-off donation or give regularly from as little as £10 a month Jazak’Allah Khayr – whatever you donate will come back to benefit you Insha’Allah as whatever is spent in the way of Allah is an investment in the future and the next life. Thank you.