Knowledge

Can women perform Itikaaf?

Question:

Is there any age criterion for a female to do I’itikaaf. As I want to do I’itikaaf but I was told not to do before marriage. And what is the best time of a year to do I’itikaaf.

Assalamu Alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh

Thank you for your question.

I have not come across a reference regarding a restriction of age or marriage for the validity of a woman’s I’etikaf. Once a woman reaches the age of puberty, I’etikaf would be permissible for her.

Ramadan would be the best time of year for I’etikaf.

It is worthy to note that according to the Hanafi school, it is preferred for women to do I’itikaf in the masjid of their homes (at the designated prayer space or room in one’s home). It is permissible, however considered makruh tanzihi (mildly disliked) in the Hanafi school for women to perform I’itikaaf in the masjid. (See Dur Al Mukhtaar and Badai Al Sanai)

The references for the Hanafi position are narrations similar to the following:

Umm Salama (r) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: “The best mosque for a woman is the inner part of her home.” (Musnad Ahmad & Tabrani)

The masjid of her home takes the verdict of a masjid. (Badai Al Sanai)

The Maliki, Shafie and Hanbali schools deem I’itikaf at home invalid. (See Al Sharh Al Saghir, Al Majmoo, Al Mughni, Al Fiqh Al Islami Wa Adillatuhu & Fiqh Ala Madahib Al Arba’ah)

Ibn Masood (r) said, “I’itikaf is only valid in a masjid where congregation takes place” (Tabrani)

“… while you are staying in mosques for I‘itikaf (Qur’an 2:187)

It should be noted that if women are performing I’itikaf in the masjid, proper arrangements for curtains, seclusion and modesty are to be undertaken. (See Al Mughni)

And Allah knows best.

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Badat
Hadith of the Day Imam
Imam of the Islamic Foundation of Toronto and Director of Mathabah Institute

Since You're Here... we have a small favour to ask.

In these extraordinary times, millions rely on HOTD for daily uplifting & inspiring content. Established since 2009 and with your kind support we’ve seen readers elevate their Imaan & strive for better on a daily basis. We’re committed to keeping our content freely available and open for all readers. Every contribution, however big or small, makes a difference and help us spread knowledge to millions daily

HOTD is something special, it’s a place where people can come to be inspired, to renew their faith, to learn and share knowledge, to fall in love with our faith and also our Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him and his family).

All content on HOTD is free. We believe what we do in this life builds for the next one and we work tirelessly with the aim to please Allah and inspire the global Muslim community as

well as providing information and inspiration for anyone interested in Islam. We simply cannot do this without your support and your support helps us continue our services.

If there were ever a time to join us, it is now. You can support HOTD and help sustain our future. Support Hadith of the Day and make a one-off donation or give regularly from as little as £10 a month Jazak’Allah Khayr – whatever you donate will come back to benefit you Insha’Allah as whatever is spent in the way of Allah is an investment in the future and the next life. Thank you.

Related Articles

Check Also
Close
Back to top button